Animal Machines Nutty

People must have renounced, it seems to me, all natural intelligence to dare to advance that animals are but animated machines… It appears to me, besides, that [such people] can never have observed with attention the character of animals, not to have distinguished among them the different voices of need, of suffering, of joy, of pain, of love, of anger and of all their affections. It would be very strange that they should express so well what they could not feel.

~ Voltaire (1694-11-21 1778-05-30 age:83) [François Marie d’Arouet Voltaire] Traité sur la tolerance