IANA (Internet Assigned Numbers Authority) is the central
coordinator for the assignment of unique parameter values for Internet protocols.
IANA lists and assigs values, Content Types, Content
Subtypes, Character Sets, Access Types and Conversion values for
MIME (Multipurpose Internet Mail Extensions).
IANA specifies the standard for naming character sets used
by MIME and the encodings Java uses to translate 8-bit to 16-bit characters. They also are the
final authority on assigning IP (Internet Protocol)
numbers. java.io.CharToByteConverter converts Unicode to