HTML Entities : Java Glossary


Entities in HTML
Accented Characters Entities HTML5 Entities Named Entities Quoting Characters
Arrows Esperanto Introduction Numeric Entities Russian Letters
Bracketing Characters Greek Letters ligature e.g. ß Æ Obscure Arrows Special Characters
Cyrillic Letters Hebrew Letters Links Polish Accented Letters XHTML Entities
Diacritical Marks and Accents Hex Entities Math Entities Possible Special Characters XML Entities

Introduction

Entities are codes used in HTML (Hypertext Markup Language) to get fancy characters. They work in the body, in tag attributes, in URLs (Uniform Resource Locators) and even in header fields. If you use UTF-8 encoding, you can code most fancy characters directly. You still need entities for a few characters namely:
"&quot; <&lt; >&gt; &&amp;
Here are some of the most common entities:

Common Sample Entities
How The Entity is Rendered How To Code the Entity
& &amp;
< &lt;
> &gt;
&trade;
é &eacute;
&lsquo;
&rsquo;
&ldquo;
&rdquo;
Unlike most pages on this website this one is best viewed with Microsoft Internet Explorer.

Possible Special Characters

You will learn to create all the special characters like these using named entities:
' ¢ ¤ ÷ ƒ > · ¬ ª ϖ " ϒ
` ˆ º ± "
~ ½ ¿ £ § ¹ × ¥
´ ¦ ¼ <   ñ ® ­(-) ²
© ¾ ¯ » ³
& ° ¡ «  
¸ µ ß ¨  
Depending on your browser and your installed fonts, some of those characters above will not display properly. I have discovered that Opera, Firefox and Chrome all handle fonts with missing characters properly. If a font is missing a character, they borrow it from a font that has it rather than leaving it blank or drawing an empty box. IE (Internet Explorer) is not clever enough to do this.

I have the following fonts work best for rendering the more exotic characters: Lucida Unicode, Lucida Sans, Serif, SansSerif, MS PGothic, MSUIgothic and Monospaced.

I also discovered many fonts from the pre-Unicode era do not work well. Ideally you want all your fonts designed for Unicode. If you have fonts in Opentype, PostScript Type 1 and TrueType form, you can experiment to see which works best, testing them as appropriate in your word processor, Java and browser.

Possible Accented Characters

You can copy paste the followting rendered glyphs into your Java source String literals or your HTML text. You will learn to generate all the accented characters with entities like:

À Á Â Ã Ä Å Æ Ç È É Ê Ë Ì Í Î Ï Ð Ñ Œ Ò Ó Ô Õ Ö Ø Š Ù Ú Û Ü Ý Þ Ÿ
à á â ã ä å æ ç è é ê ë ì í î ï ð ñ œ ò ó ô õ ö ø š ù ú û ü ý þ ÿ
Depending on your browser and your installed fonts, some of those characters above will not display properly.

Possible Greek Characters

You will learn to create all the Greek characters like:
Α Β Γ Δ Ε Ζ Η Θ   Ι Κ Λ Μ Ν Ξ Ο Π Ρ Σ   Τ Υ Φ Χ Ψ Ω
α β γ δ ε ζ η θ ϑ ι κ λ μ ν ξ ο π ρ σ ς τ υ φ χ ψ ω

Special Character Entity Codes

These are various special characters you can get with named entities. The list does not include the accented letters or foreign language letters.
Entity Codes for Special Characters in HTML
Rendered
Char Entity
Char
Entity
Rendered
Hex Entity
Hex
Entity
Decimal
Entity
Java
Literal
Description Notes
Α &Alpha; Α &#x391; &#913; '\u0391' Greek capital letter Alpha
Β &Beta; Β &#x392; &#914; '\u0392' Greek capital letter Beta
Χ &Chi; Χ &#x3a7; &#935; '\u03a7' Greek capital letter Chi
&Dagger; &#x2021; &#8225; '\u2021' double dagger
Δ &Delta; Δ &#x394; &#916; '\u0394' Greek capital letter Delta
Ε &Epsilon; Ε &#x395; &#917; '\u0395' Greek capital letter Epsilon
Η &Eta; Η &#x397; &#919; '\u0397' Greek capital letter Eta
Γ &Gamma; Γ &#x393; &#915; '\u0393' Greek capital letter Gamma
Ι &Iota; Ι &#x399; &#921; '\u0399' Greek capital letter Iota
Κ &Kappa; Κ &#x39a; &#922; '\u039a' Greek capital letter Kappa
Λ &Lambda; Λ &#x39b; &#923; '\u039b' Greek capital letter Lambda
Μ &Mu; Μ &#x39c; &#924; '\u039c' Greek capital letter Mu
Ν &Nu; Ν &#x39d; &#925; '\u039d' Greek capital letter Nu
Ω &Omega; Ω &#x3a9; &#937; '\u03a9' Greek capital letter Omega
Ο &Omicron; Ο &#x39f; &#927; '\u039f' Greek capital letter Omicron
Φ &Phi; Φ &#x3a6; &#934; '\u03a6' Greek capital letter Phi
Π &Pi; Π &#x3a0; &#928; '\u03a0' Greek capital letter Pi like &prod;
&Prime; &#x2033; &#8243; '\u2033' double prime indicates seconds or inches
Ψ &Psi; Ψ &#x3a8; &#936; '\u03a8' Greek capital letter Psi
Ρ &Rho; Ρ &#x3a1; &#929; '\u03a1' Greek capital letter Rho
Σ &Sigma; Σ &#x3a3; &#931; '\u03a3' Greek capital letter Sigma like &sum;
Τ &Tau; Τ &#x3a4; &#932; '\u03a4' Greek capital letter Tau
Θ &Theta; Θ &#x398; &#920; '\u0398' Greek capital letter Theta
Υ &Upsilon; Υ &#x3a5; &#933; '\u03a5' Greek capital letter Upsilon
Ξ &Xi; Ξ &#x39e; &#926; '\u039e' Greek capital letter Xi
Ζ &Zeta; Ζ &#x396; &#918; '\u0396' Greek capital letter Zeta
´ &acute; ´ &#xb4; &#180; '\u00b4' acute accent spacing acute, not dead key
&alefsym; &#x2135; &#8501; '\u2135' alef symbol first transfinite cardinal, note spelling &alefsym; not &alephsym;.
α &alpha; α &#x3b1; &#945; '\u03b1' Greek small letter alpha
& &amp; & &#x26; &#38; '\u0026' ampersand
&and; &#x2227; &#8743; '\u2227' logical and upside down v wedge, not &.
&ang; &#x2220; &#8736; '\u2220' angle
&asymp; &#x2248; &#8776; '\u2248' asymptotic to almost equal to
&bdquo; &#x201e; &#8222; '\u201e' double low-99 quotation mark
β &beta; β &#x3b2; &#946; '\u03b2' Greek small letter beta
¦ &brvbar; ¦ &#xa6; &#166; '\u00a6' broken bar
&bull; &#x2022; &#8226; '\u2022' bullet black small circle
&cap; &#x2229; &#8745; '\u2229' intersection set theory, upside down U cap shape
¸ &cedil; ¸ &#xb8; &#184; '\u00b8' cedilla spacing cedilla, not dead key, looks like subscript c
¢ &cent; ¢ &#xa2; &#162; '\u00a2' cent sign
χ &chi; χ &#x3c7; &#967; '\u03c7' Greek small letter chi
ˆ &circ; ˆ &#x2c6; &#710; '\u02c6' modifier letter circumflex accent / vokáň acts like a ^ dead key
&clubs; &#x2663; &#9827; '\u2663' black club suit shamrock
&cong; &#x2245; &#8773; '\u2245' approximately equal to
© &copy; © &#xa9; &#169; '\u00a9' copyright sign circled c
&crarr; &#x21b5; &#8629; '\u21b5' downwards arrow with corner leftwards
&cup; &#x222a; &#8746; '\u222a' union set theory, U cup shape
¤ &curren; ¤ &#xa4; &#164; '\u00a4' currency sign
&dArr; &#x21d3; &#8659; '\u21d3' downwards double arrow
&dagger; &#x2020; &#8224; '\u2020' dagger not widely supported. &#134; only works in Latin-1
&darr; &#x2193; &#8595; '\u2193' downwards arrow
° &deg; ° &#xb0; &#176; '\u00b0' degree sign
δ &delta; δ &#x3b4; &#948; '\u03b4' Greek small letter delta
&diams; &#x2666; &#9830; '\u2666' black diamond suit
÷ &divide; ÷ &#xf7; &#247; '\u00f7' division sign
&empty; &#x2205; &#8709; '\u2205' empty set null set, diameter
&emsp; &#x2003; &#8195; '\u2003' em space → ←
&ensp; &#x2002; &#8194; '\u2002' en space → ←
ε &epsilon; ε &#x3b5; &#949; '\u03b5' Greek small letter epsilon
&equiv; &#x2261; &#8801; '\u2261' identical to equivalent to
η &eta; η &#x3b7; &#951; '\u03b7' Greek small letter eta
&euro; &#x20ac; &#8364; '\u20ac' Euro currency sign &#128; only works in Latin-1
&exist; &#x2203; &#8707; '\u2203' there exists
&forall; &#x2200; &#8704; '\u2200' for all
½ &frac12; ½ &#xbd; &#189; '\u00bd' vulgar fraction 1/2
¼ &frac14; ¼ &#xbc; &#188; '\u00bc' vulgar fraction 1/4
¾ &frac34; ¾ &#xbe; &#190; '\u00be' vulgar fraction 3/4
&frasl; &#x2044; &#8260; '\u2044' fraction slash
γ &gamma; γ &#x3b3; &#947; '\u03b3' Greek small letter gamma
&ge; &#x2265; &#8805; '\u2265' greater-than or equal to greater or equal, normally use html4 &ge;
> &gt; > &#x3e; &#62; '\u003e' greater-than sign
&hArr; &#x21d4; &#8660; '\u21d4' left right double arrow
&harr; &#x2194; &#8596; '\u2194' left right arrow
&hearts; &#x2665; &#9829; '\u2665' black heart suit valentine
&hellip; &#x2026; &#8230; '\u2026' horizontal ellipsis three dots in a row
¡ &iexcl; ¡ &#xa1; &#161; '\u00a1' inverted exclamation mark
&image; &#x2111; &#8465; '\u2111' black-letter capital i imaginary part
&infin; &#x221e; &#8734; '\u221e' infinity
&int; &#x222b; &#8747; '\u222b' integral
ι &iota; ι &#x3b9; &#953; '\u03b9' Greek small letter iota
¿ &iquest; ¿ &#xbf; &#191; '\u00bf' inverted question mark
&isin; &#x2208; &#8712; '\u2208' element of
κ &kappa; κ &#x3ba; &#954; '\u03ba' Greek small letter kappa
&lArr; &#x21d0; &#8656; '\u21d0' leftwards double arrow
λ &lambda; λ &#x3bb; &#955; '\u03bb' Greek small letter lambda
&lang; &#x2329; &#9001; '\u2329' left-pointing angle bracket for mathematics, code number deliberately changes in html5
« &laquo; « &#xab; &#171; '\u00ab' left guillemot left angled quote, left-pointing double angle quotation mark
&larr; &#x2190; &#8592; '\u2190' leftwards arrow
&lceil; &#x2308; &#8968; '\u2308' left ceiling apl upstile
&ldquo; &#x201c; &#8220; '\u201c' left double-66 quotation mark
&le; &#x2264; &#8804; '\u2264' less-than or equal to
&lfloor; &#x230a; &#8970; '\u230a' left floor
&lowast; &#x2217; &#8727; '\u2217' asterisk operator
&loz; &#x25ca; &#9674; '\u25ca' open lozenge
&lrm; &#x200e; &#8206; '\u200e' left-to-right mark
&lsaquo; &#x2039; &#8249; '\u2039' single left-pointing angle quotation mark
&lsquo; &#x2018; &#8216; '\u2018' left single-6 quotation mark
< &lt; < &#x3c; &#60; '\u003c' less-than sign
¯ &macr; ¯ &#xaf; &#175; '\u00af' macron spacing macron, not dead key, overline
&mdash; &#x2014; &#8212; '\u2014' em dash compare &mdash; &minus; &ndash; ordinary dash
µ &micro; µ &#xb5; &#181; '\u00b5' micro sign like &mu;
· &middot; · &#xb7; &#183; '\u00b7' middle dot
&minus; &#x2212; &#8722; '\u2212' minus sign compare &mdash; &minus; &ndash; ordinary dash
μ &mu; μ &#x3bc; &#956; '\u03bc' Greek small letter mu like &micro;
&nabla; &#x2207; &#8711; '\u2207' nabla,, del, down pointing triangle backward difference. See &Delta;
  &nbsp;   &#xa0; &#160; '\u00a0' non-breaking space → ←
&ndash; &#x2013; &#8211; '\u2013' en dash compare &mdash; &minus; &ndash; ordinary dash
&ne; &#x2260; &#8800; '\u2260' not equal to
&ni; &#x220b; &#8715; '\u220b' contains as member, looks like backwards epsilon contains as member, or such that
¬ &not; ¬ &#xac; &#172; '\u00ac' not sign PL/1 not sign
&notin; &#x2209; &#8713; '\u2209' not an element of
&nsub; &#x2284; &#8836; '\u2284' not a subset of set theory
ν &nu; ν &#x3bd; &#957; '\u03bd' Greek small letter nu
&oline; &#x203e; &#8254; '\u203e' overline spacing overline, not dead key
ω &omega; ω &#x3c9; &#969; '\u03c9' Greek small letter omega
ο &omicron; ο &#x3bf; &#959; '\u03bf' Greek small letter omicron
&oplus; &#x2295; &#8853; '\u2295' circled plus direct sum
&or; &#x2228; &#8744; '\u2228' logical or, vee logical or
ª &ordf; ª &#xaa; &#170; '\u00aa' feminine ordinal indicator
º &ordm; º &#xba; &#186; '\u00ba' masculine ordinal indicator
&otimes; &#x2297; &#8855; '\u2297' circled times vector product
&para; &#xb6; &#182; '\u00b6' pilcrow sign paragraph sign, like S with circle
&part; &#x2202; &#8706; '\u2202' partial differential
&permil; &#x2030; &#8240; '\u2030' per mille sign
&perp; &#x22a5; &#8869; '\u22a5' up tack, orthogonal to, perpendicular orthogonal to, perpendicular
φ &phi; φ &#x3c6; &#966; '\u03c6' Greek small letter phi
π &pi; π &#x3c0; &#960; '\u03c0' Greek small letter pi
ϖ &piv; ϖ &#x3d6; &#982; '\u03d6' Greek pi symbol not ordinary pi, looks like omega bar,
± &plusmn; ± &#xb1; &#177; '\u00b1' plus-minus sign
£ &pound; £ &#xa3; &#163; '\u00a3' pound sign
&prime; &#x2032; &#8242; '\u2032' prime indicates minutes or feet
&prod; &#x220f; &#8719; '\u220f' n-ary product product sign, like &Pi;
&prop; &#x221d; &#8733; '\u221d' proportional to normally use html4 &prop;
ψ &psi; ψ &#x3c8; &#968; '\u03c8' Greek small letter psi
" &quot; " &#x22; &#34; '\u0022' quotation mark double quote. APL quote. Usually use &ldquo; and &rdquo;
&rArr; &#x21d2; &#8658; '\u21d2' rightwards double arrow
&radic; &#x221a; &#8730; '\u221a' square root, radical sign radical sign
&rang; &#x232a; &#9002; '\u232a' right-pointing angle bracket for mathematics, code number deliberately changes in html5
» &raquo; » &#xbb; &#187; '\u00bb' right guillemot right-pointing double angle quotation mark
&rarr; &#x2192; &#8594; '\u2192' rightwards arrow
&rceil; &#x2309; &#8969; '\u2309' right ceiling apl downstile
&rdquo; &#x201d; &#8221; '\u201d' right double-99 quotation mark
&real; &#x211c; &#8476; '\u211c' black-letter capital r real part symbol
® &reg; ® &#xae; &#174; '\u00ae' registered sign. circled R. registered trade mark sign. Illegal for a vendor to use without legal registration. See also &trade;.
&rfloor; &#x230b; &#8971; '\u230b' right floor
ρ &rho; ρ &#x3c1; &#961; '\u03c1' Greek small letter rho
&rlm; &#x200f; &#8207; '\u200f' right-to-left mark
&rsaquo; &#x203a; &#8250; '\u203a' single right-pointing angle quotation mark
&rsquo; &#x2019; &#8217; '\u2019' right single-9 quotation mark Use both for right single quote and apostrophe in contractions.
&sbquo; &#x201a; &#8218; '\u201a' single low-9 quotation mark
&sdot; &#x22c5; &#8901; '\u22c5' dot operator
§ &sect; § &#xa7; &#167; '\u00a7' section sign like two Ss joins forming a circle in the middle
­ &shy; ­ &#xad; &#173; '\u00ad' soft hyphen The soft hyphen is always visible, and may look slightly different from a normal hyphen. It is intended for use at ends of line to indicate a word break. There is no such thing as a non-breaking hyphen that forces text on both sides to stay on the same there is no such thing as a discretionary hyphen that marks a good place to split a word over two lines if necessary, invisible unless the word breaks over two lines.
σ &sigma; σ &#x3c3; &#963; '\u03c3' Greek small letter sigma
ς &sigmaf; ς &#x3c2; &#962; '\u03c2' Greek small letter final sigma
&sim; &#x223c; &#8764; '\u223c' tilde operator varies with, similar to, see ~ and &tilde;
&spades; &#x2660; &#9824; '\u2660' black spade suit
&sub; &#x2282; &#8834; '\u2282' subset of set theory, does not mean subscript.
&sube; &#x2286; &#8838; '\u2286' subset of or equal to set theory
&sum; &#x2211; &#8721; '\u2211' n-ary summation like &Sigma;
¹ &sup1; ¹ &#xb9; &#185; '\u00b9' superscript one You can also use 1 <sup>1</sup>
² &sup2; ² &#xb2; &#178; '\u00b2' superscript two You can also use 2 <sup>2</sup>
³ &sup3; ³ &#xb3; &#179; '\u00b3' superscript three You can also use 3 <sup>3</sup>
&sup; &#x2283; &#8835; '\u2283' superset of set theory, does not mean superscript.
&supe; &#x2287; &#8839; '\u2287' superset of or equal to set theory
τ &tau; τ &#x3c4; &#964; '\u03c4' Greek small letter tau
&there4; &#x2234; &#8756; '\u2234' therefore, three dots therefore
θ &theta; θ &#x3b8; &#952; '\u03b8' Greek small letter theta
ϑ &thetasym; ϑ &#x3d1; &#977; '\u03d1' Greek theta symbol
&thinsp; &#x2009; &#8201; '\u2009' thin space → ←
˜ &tilde; ˜ &#x2dc; &#732; '\u02dc' small tilde see also ~ and &sim;
× &times; × &#xd7; &#215; '\u00d7' multiplication sign
&trade; &#x2122; &#8482; '\u2122' trademark sign unregistered Trademark. &trade; only recently supported. Use TM <sup>TM</sup> for safety. &#153; only works in Latin-1. It looks cramped underlined so keep it outside of links.
&uArr; &#x21d1; &#8657; '\u21d1' upwards double arrow
&uarr; &#x2191; &#8593; '\u2191' upwards arrow
¨ &uml; ¨ &#xa8; &#168; '\u00a8' diaeresis/umlaut umlaut, spacing diaeresis, not a dead char
ϒ &upsih; ϒ &#x3d2; &#978; '\u03d2' Greek upsilon with hook symbol
υ &upsilon; υ &#x3c5; &#965; '\u03c5' Greek small letter upsilon
&weierp; &#x2118; &#8472; '\u2118' script capital p power set, Wierstrasse p
ξ &xi; ξ &#x3be; &#958; '\u03be' Greek small letter xi
¥ &yen; ¥ &#xa5; &#165; '\u00a5' yen sign
ζ &zeta; ζ &#x3b6; &#950; '\u03b6' Greek small letter zeta
&zwj; &#x200d; &#8205; '\u200d' zero width joiner
&zwnj; &#x200c; &#8204; '\u200c' zero width non-joiner

Quoting Characters

Here are various characters used to set off quotations. There is a much richer set that the 66 99 you learned in grade 2.
Entity Codes for Quoting Characters in HTML
Rendered
Char Entity
Char
Entity
Rendered
Hex Entity
Hex
Entity
Decimal
Entity
Java
Literal
Description Notes
´ &acute; ´ &#xb4; &#180; '\u00b4' acute accent spacing acute, not dead key
&bdquo; &#x201e; &#8222; '\u201e' double low-99 quotation mark
« &laquo; « &#xab; &#171; '\u00ab' left guillemot left angled quote, left-pointing double angle quotation mark
&ldquo; &#x201c; &#8220; '\u201c' left double-66 quotation mark
&lsaquo; &#x2039; &#8249; '\u2039' single left-pointing angle quotation mark
&lsquo; &#x2018; &#8216; '\u2018' left single-6 quotation mark
" &quot; " &#x22; &#34; '\u0022' quotation mark double quote. APL quote. Usually use &ldquo; and &rdquo;
» &raquo; » &#xbb; &#187; '\u00bb' right guillemot right-pointing double angle quotation mark
&rdquo; &#x201d; &#8221; '\u201d' right double-99 quotation mark
&rsaquo; &#x203a; &#8250; '\u203a' single right-pointing angle quotation mark
&rsquo; &#x2019; &#8217; '\u2019' right single-9 quotation mark Use both for right single quote and apostrophe in contractions.
&sbquo; &#x201a; &#8218; '\u201a' single low-9 quotation mark

Arrows

Ways of Making Arrows
Appearance HTML tags
   
< >
   
&and;
&lt; &mdash; &gt;
&or;
&#x2196; &uarr; &#x2197;
&larr; &harr; &rarr;
&#x2199; &darr; &#x2198;
   
   
&uArr;
&lArr; &hArr; &rArr;
&dArr;

Obscure Arrows

The following arrow entities contain a mixture of HTML 4 and HTML 5 entities. Browsers don’t yet render HTML 5 character entities yet. You must use the hex entity form.
Obscure Arrow HTML Entity Codes
Rendered
Char Entity
Usually fails!
Char
Entity
Rendered
Hex Entity
Hex
Entity
Decimal
Entity
Java
Literal
Description Notes
&Larr; &#x219e; &#8606; '\u219e' leftwards two headed arrow
&Rarr; &#x21a0; &#8608; '\u21a0' rightwards two headed arrow
&crarr; &#x21b5; &#8629; '\u21b5' downwards arrow with corner leftwards
&cularr; &#x21b6; &#8630; '\u21b6' anticlockwise top semicircle arrow
&curarr; &#x21b7; &#8631; '\u21b7' clockwise top semicircle arrow
&dArr; &#x21d3; &#8659; '\u21d3' downwards double arrow
&darr2; &darr2; &#x21ca; &#8650; '\u21ca' downwards paired arrows
&darr; &#x2193; &#8595; '\u2193' downwards arrow
&dharl; &#x21c3; &#8643; '\u21c3' down harpoon-left
&dharr; &#x21c2; &#8642; '\u21c2' down harpoon right
&dlarr; &dlarr; &#x2199; &#8601; '\u2199' south west, downward left arrow
&drarr; &drarr; &#x2198; &#8600; '\u2198' south east, downward right arrow
&hArr; &#x21d4; &#8660; '\u21d4' left right double arrow
&harr; &#x2194; &#8596; '\u2194' left right arrow
&harrw; &#x21ad; &#8621; '\u21ad' left right wave arrow
&lAarr; &#x21da; &#8666; '\u21da' left triple arrow
&lArr; &#x21d0; &#8656; '\u21d0' leftwards double arrow
&larr2; &larr2; &#x21c7; &#8647; '\u21c7' leftwards paired arrows
&larr; &#x2190; &#8592; '\u2190' leftwards arrow
&larrhk; &#x21a9; &#8617; '\u21a9' left arrow-hooked
&larrlp; &#x21ab; &#8619; '\u21ab' leftwards arrow with loop
&larrtl; &#x21a2; &#8610; '\u21a2' leftwards arrow with tail
&lhard; &#x21bd; &#8637; '\u21bd' left harpoon-down
&lharu; &#x21bc; &#8636; '\u21bc' left harpoon-up
&lrarr2; &lrarr2; &#x21c6; &#8646; '\u21c6' left arrow over right arrow
&lrhar2; &lrhar2; &#x21cb; &#8651; '\u21cb' left harpoon over right
&lsh; &#x21b0; &#8624; '\u21b0' upwards arrow with tip leftwards
&map; &#x21a6; &#8614; '\u21a6' map, right arrow from bar
&mumap; &#x22b8; &#8888; '\u22b8' multimap, bar with circle on right end.
&nearr; &#x2197; &#8599; '\u2197' north-east, up right pointing arrow
&nhArr; &#x21ce; &#8654; '\u21ce' not left and right double arrow, left right double arrow with stroke
&nharr; &#x21ae; &#8622; '\u21ae' left right arrow with stroke
&nlArr; &#x21cd; &#8653; '\u21cd' not implied by, left double arrow with stroke
&nlarr; &#x219a; &#8602; '\u219a' not left arrow, left arrow with stroke
&nrArr; &#x21cf; &#8655; '\u21cf' not implies, right double arrow with stroke
&nrarr; &#x219b; &#8603; '\u219b' rightwards arrow with stroke
&nwarr; &#x2196; &#8598; '\u2196' north-west, up left pointing arrow
&olarr; &#x21ba; &#8634; '\u21ba' anti-clockwise open circle arrow
&orarr; &#x21bb; &#8635; '\u21bb' clockwise open circle arrow
&rAarr; &#x21db; &#8667; '\u21db' right triple arrow
&rArr; &#x21d2; &#8658; '\u21d2' rightwards double arrow
&rarr2; &rarr2; &#x21c9; &#8649; '\u21c9' two right arrows
&rarr; &#x2192; &#8594; '\u2192' rightwards arrow
&rarrhk; &#x21aa; &#8618; '\u21aa' right arrow-hooked
&rarrlp; &#x21ac; &#8620; '\u21ac' right arrow-looped
&rarrtl; &#x21a3; &#8611; '\u21a3' rightwards arrow with tail
&rarrw; &#x219d; &#8605; '\u219d' rightwards wave arrow was 0x021dd
&rhard; &#x21c1; &#8641; '\u21c1' right harpoon-down
&rharu; &#x21c0; &#8640; '\u21c0' right harpoon-up
&rlarr2; &rlarr2; &#x21c4; &#8644; '\u21c4' right arrow over left arrow
&rlhar2; &rlhar2; &#x21cc; &#8652; '\u21cc' right harpoon over left
&rsh; &#x21b1; &#8625; '\u21b1' up arrow with tip right
&slarr; &#x2190; &#8592; '\u2190' left arrow normally use html4 &larr;
&uArr; &#x21d1; &#8657; '\u21d1' upwards double arrow
&uarr2; &uarr2; &#x21c8; &#8648; '\u21c8' upwards paired arrows
&uarr; &#x2191; &#8593; '\u2191' upwards arrow
&uharl; &#x21bf; &#8639; '\u21bf' up harpoon-left
&uharr; &#x21be; &#8638; '\u21be' up harpoon right
&vArr; &#x21d5; &#8661; '\u21d5' up and down double arrow
&varr; &#x2195; &#8597; '\u2195' up down arrow
&xhArr; &#x27fa; &#10234; '\u27fa' long left and right double arrow
&xharr; &#x27f7; &#10231; '\u27f7' long left and right arrow
&xlArr; &#x27f8; &#10232; '\u27f8' long left double
&xrArr; &#x27f9; &#10233; '\u27f9' long right double arrow

There are even more arrows defined in Unicode: 2190-21ff, 25b2-25c4, 2700-27bf, 27f0-27ff, 2900-297f and 2b00-2bff.

Bracketing Characters

Various Bracketing Characters
Name Appearance HTML Hex
parentheses ( ) ( ) &#x28 &#x29
brackets [ ] [ ] &#x5b &#x5d
braces { } { } &#x7b &#x7d
angle brackets < > &lt; &gt; &#x3c &#x3d
guillemots « » &laquo; &raquo; &#xab &#xbb
arrows &larr; &rarr; &#x2110 &#x2192
double arrows &lArr; &rArr; &#x21d0 &#x21d2

Diacritical Marks and Accents

Some of these entities only work in HTML 5.

Accents and Diacritical Marks
Rendered
Char Entity
Char
Entity
Rendered
Hex Entity
Hex
Entity
Decimal
Entity
Java
Literal
Description Notes
᾿ &#x1fbf; ᾿ &#x1fbf; &#8127; '\u1fbf' smooth breathin / psili
&#x1ffe; &#x1ffe; &#8190; '\u1ffe' rough breathing / dasia
 ˘ &#x2d8;  ˘ &#x2d8; &#728; '\u02d8' breve, combining
 ˛ &#x2db;  ˛ &#x2db; &#731; '\u02db' ogonek, combining
 ˝ &#x2dd;  ˝ &#x2dd; &#733; '\u02dd' double acute, combining
˳ &#x2f3; ˳ &#x2f3; &#755; '\u02f3' low ring modifier
 ̉ &#x309;  ̉ &#x309; &#777; '\u0309' hook above / dấu hỏi ,combining
 ̊ &#x30a;  ̊ &#x30a; &#778; '\u030a' ring above, combining
 ̏ &#x30f;  ̏ &#x30f; &#783; '\u030f' double grave, combining
 ̑ &#x311;  ̑ &#x311; &#785; '\u0311' inverted breve, combining
 ̛ &#x31b;  ̛ &#x31b; &#795; '\u031b' combining horn / dấu mó, combining
҃ &#x483; ҃ &#x483; &#1155; '\u0483' titlo
˘ &Breve; ˘ &#x2d8; &#728; '\u02d8' breve accent by itself
¸ &Cedilla; ¸ &#xb8; &#184; '\u00b8' cedilla / cédille normally use html4 &cedil;
´ &DiacriticalAcute; ´ &#xb4; &#180; '\u00b4' spacing acute, not dead key spacing acute, not dead key
˝ &DiacriticalDoubleAcute; ˝ &#x2dd; &#733; '\u02dd' double acute accent
` &DiacriticalGrave; ` &#x60; &#96; '\u0060' grave by itself normally just code as `
¨ &Dot; ¨ &#xa8; &#168; '\u00a8' umlaut/dieresis diaeresis, with raised two dots, spacing diaeresis, not a dead char, normally use html4 &uml;
ˇ &Hacek; ˇ &#x2c7; &#711; '\u02c7' caron / háček
´ &acute; ´ &#xb4; &#180; '\u00b4' acute accent spacing acute, not dead key
ˇ &caron; ˇ &#x2c7; &#711; '\u02c7' caron accent by itself
¸ &cedil; ¸ &#xb8; &#184; '\u00b8' cedilla spacing cedilla, not dead key, looks like subscript c
ˆ &circ; ˆ &#x2c6; &#710; '\u02c6' modifier letter circumflex accent / vokáň acts like a ^ dead key
: &colon; : &#x3a; &#58; '\u003a' ordinary colon normally just code as a colon
, &comma; , &#x2c; &#44; '\u002c' ordinary comma normally just code as a comma
¨ &die; ¨ &#xa8; &#168; '\u00a8' umlaut spacing diaeresis, not a dead char, normally use html4 &uml;
` &grave; ` &#x60; &#96; '\u0060' grave by itself normally you would just code this as the ` character
¯ &macr; ¯ &#xaf; &#175; '\u00af' macron spacing macron, not dead key, overline
· &middot; · &#xb7; &#183; '\u00b7' middle dot
˛ &ogon; ˛ &#x2db; &#731; '\u02db' ognek by itself
˚ &ring; ˚ &#x2da; &#730; '\u02da' ring above
¨ &uml; ¨ &#xa8; &#168; '\u00a8' diaeresis/umlaut umlaut, spacing diaeresis, not a dead char
' ' ' &#x27; &#39; '\u0027' apostrophe no entity needed, single quote, use &grave; and acute for left/right, or &lsquo; and &rsquo;. &apos; is not officially recognised.
^ ^ ^ &#x5e; &#94; '\u005e' circumflex no entity needed. spacing ^, see also &circ;
` ` ` &#x60; &#96; '\u0060' grave no entity needed.
~ ~ ~ &#x7e; &#126; '\u007e' tilde no entity needed. spacing tilde not a dead key. see &sim;

Accented Letter Entities

Accented Letter Entities
Char Entity Hex Decimal Java Notes
Upper
Case
Lower
Case
Upper
Case
Lower
Case
Upper
Case
Lower
Case
Upper
Case
Lower
Case
Upper
Case
Lower
Case
Description
Á á &Aacute; &aacute; &#xc1; &#xe1; &#193; &#225; '\u00c1' '\u00e1' a acute
 â &Acirc; &acirc; &#xc2; &#xe2; &#194; &#226; '\u00c2' '\u00e2' a circumflex
Æ æ &AElig; &aelig; &#xc6; &#xe6; &#198; &#230; '\u00c6' '\u00e6' ligature ae
À à &Agrave; &agrave; &#xc0; &#xe0; &#192; &#224; '\u00c0' '\u00e0' a grave
Å å &Aring; &aring; &#xc5; &#xe5; &#197; &#229; '\u00c5' '\u00e5' a ring above
à ã &Atilde; &atilde; &#xc3; &#xe3; &#195; &#227; '\u00c3' '\u00e3' a tilde
Ä ä &Auml; &auml; &#xc4; &#xe4; &#196; &#228; '\u00c4' '\u00e4' a diaeresis
Ç ç &Ccedil; &ccedil; &#xc7; &#xe7; &#199; &#231; '\u00c7' '\u00e7' c cedilla
É é &Eacute; &eacute; &#xc9; &#xe9; &#201; &#233; '\u00c9' '\u00e9' e acute
Ê ê &Ecirc; &ecirc; &#xca; &#xea; &#202; &#234; '\u00ca' '\u00ea' e circumflex
È è &Egrave; &egrave; &#xc8; &#xe8; &#200; &#232; '\u00c8' '\u00e8' e grave
Ð ð &ETH; &eth; &#xd0; &#xf0; &#208; &#240; '\u00d0' '\u00f0' eth
Ë ë &Euml; &euml; &#xcb; &#xeb; &#203; &#235; '\u00cb' '\u00eb' e diaeresis
ƒ ƒ &fnof; &fnof; &#x192; &#x192; &#402; &#402; '\u0192' '\u0192' f hook
Í í &Iacute; &iacute; &#xcd; &#xed; &#205; &#237; '\u00cd' '\u00ed' i acute
Î î &Icirc; &icirc; &#xce; &#xee; &#206; &#238; '\u00ce' '\u00ee' i circumflex
Ì ì &Igrave; &igrave; &#xcc; &#xec; &#204; &#236; '\u00cc' '\u00ec' i grave
Ï ï &Iuml; &iuml; &#xcf; &#xef; &#207; &#239; '\u00cf' '\u00ef' i diaeresis
Ñ ñ &Ntilde; &ntilde; &#xd1; &#xf1; &#209; &#241; '\u00d1' '\u00f1' n tilde
Ó ó &Oacute; &oacute; &#xd3; &#xf3; &#211; &#243; '\u00d3' '\u00f3' o acute
Ô ô &Ocirc; &ocirc; &#xd4; &#xf4; &#212; &#244; '\u00d4' '\u00f4' o circumflex
Œ œ &OElig; &oelig; &#x152; &#x153; &#338; &#339; '\u0152' '\u0153' ligature oe
Ò ò &Ograve; &ograve; &#xd2; &#xf2; &#210; &#242; '\u00d2' '\u00f2' o grave
Ø ø &Oslash; &oslash; &#xd8; &#xf8; &#216; &#248; '\u00d8' '\u00f8' o stroke
Õ õ &Otilde; &otilde; &#xd5; &#xf5; &#213; &#245; '\u00d5' '\u00f5' o tilde
Ö ö &Ouml; &ouml; &#xd6; &#xf6; &#214; &#246; '\u00d6' '\u00f6' o diaeresis
Š š &Scaron; &scaron; &#x160; &#x161; &#352; &#353; '\u0160' '\u0161' s caron
ß ß &szlig; &szlig; &#xdf; &#xdf; &#223; &#223; '\u00df' '\u00df' sharp s, German SS
Þ þ &THORN; &thorn; &#xde; &#xfe; &#222; &#254; '\u00de' '\u00fe' thorn
Ú ú &Uacute; &uacute; &#xda; &#xfa; &#218; &#250; '\u00da' '\u00fa' u acute
Û û &Ucirc; &ucirc; &#xdb; &#xfb; &#219; &#251; '\u00db' '\u00fb' u circumflex
Ù ù &Ugrave; &ugrave; &#xd9; &#xf9; &#217; &#249; '\u00d9' '\u00f9' u grave
ü Ü &uuml; &Uuml; &#xfc; &#xdc; &#252; &#220; '\u00fc' '\u00dc' u diaeresis
Ý ý &Yacute; &yacute; &#xdd; &#xfd; &#221; &#253; '\u00dd' '\u00fd' y acute
Ÿ ÿ &Yuml; &yuml; &#x178; &#xff; &#376; &#255; '\u0178' '\u00ff' y diaeresis
Depending on your browser and your installed fonts, some of those characters above will not display properly.

Greek Letter Entities

Greek Letters
Char Entity Hex Decimal Java Notes
Upper
Case
Lower
Case
Upper
Case
Lower
Case
Upper
Case
Lower
Case
Upper
Case
Lower
Case
Upper
Case
Lower
Case
Description
Α α &Alpha; &alpha; &#x391; &#x3b1; &#913; &#945; '\u0391' '\u03b1' alpha
Β β &Beta; &beta; &#x392; &#x3b2; &#914; &#946; '\u0392' '\u03b2' beta
Χ χ &Chi; &chi; &#x3a7; &#x3c7; &#935; &#967; '\u03a7' '\u03c7' chi
Δ δ &Delta; &delta; &#x394; &#x3b4; &#916; &#948; '\u0394' '\u03b4' delta
Ε ε &Epsilon; &epsilon; &#x395; &#x3b5; &#917; &#949; '\u0395' '\u03b5' epsilon
Η η &Eta; &eta; &#x397; &#x3b7; &#919; &#951; '\u0397' '\u03b7' eta
Γ γ &Gamma; &gamma; &#x393; &#x3b3; &#915; &#947; '\u0393' '\u03b3' gamma
Ι ι &Iota; &iota; &#x399; &#x3b9; &#921; &#953; '\u0399' '\u03b9' iota
Κ κ &Kappa; &kappa; &#x39a; &#x3ba; &#922; &#954; '\u039a' '\u03ba' kappa
Λ λ &Lambda; &lambda; &#x39b; &#x3bb; &#923; &#955; '\u039b' '\u03bb' lambda
Μ μ &Mu; &mu; &#x39c; &#x3bc; &#924; &#956; '\u039c' '\u03bc' mu like &micro; µ
Ν ν &Nu; &nu; &#x39d; &#x3bd; &#925; &#957; '\u039d' '\u03bd' nu
Ω ω &Omega; &omega; &#x3a9; &#x3c9; &#937; &#969; '\u03a9' '\u03c9' omega
Ο ο &Omicron; &omicron; &#x39f; &#x3bf; &#927; &#959; '\u039f' '\u03bf' omicron
Φ φ &Phi; &phi; &#x3a6; &#x3c6; &#934; &#966; '\u03a6' '\u03c6' phi
Π π &Pi; &pi; &#x3a0; &#x3c0; &#928; &#960; '\u03a0' '\u03c0' pi
ϖ ϖ &piv; &piv; &#x3d6; &#x3d6; &#982; &#982; '\u03d6' '\u03d6' Greek pi symbol, not ordinary pi, looks like omega bar,
Ψ ψ &Psi; &psi; &#x3a8; &#x3c8; &#936; &#968; '\u03a8' '\u03c8' psi
Ρ ρ &Rho; &rho; &#x3a1; &#x3c1; &#929; &#961; '\u03a1' '\u03c1' rho
Σ σ &Sigma; &sigma; &#x3a3; &#x3c3; &#931; &#963; '\u03a3' '\u03c3' sigma
ς ς &sigmaf; &sigmaf; &#x3c2; &#x3c2; &#962; &#962; '\u03c2' '\u03c2' final sigma
Τ τ &Tau; &tau; &#x3a4; &#x3c4; &#932; &#964; '\u03a4' '\u03c4' tau
Θ θ &Theta; &theta; &#x398; &#x3b8; &#920; &#952; '\u0398' '\u03b8' theta
ϑ ϒ &thetasym; &upsih; &#x3d1; &#x3d2; &#977; &#978; '\u03d1' '\u03d2' Greek upsilon with hook symbol
Υ υ &Upsilon; &upsilon; &#x3a5; &#x3c5; &#933; &#965; '\u03a5' '\u03c5' upsilon
Ξ ξ &Xi; &xi; &#x39e; &#x3be; &#926; &#958; '\u039e' '\u03be' xi
Ζ ζ &Zeta; &zeta; &#x396; &#x3b6; &#918; &#950; '\u0396' '\u03b6' zeta
Depending on your browser and your installed fonts, some of those characters above will not display properly.

Cyrillic (Russian) Numeric Entities for HTML4

Cyrillic Letters
Char Entity Hex Decimal Java Notes
Upper
Case
Lower
Case
Upper
Case
Lower
Case
Upper
Case
Lower
Case
Upper
Case
Lower
Case
Upper
Case
Lower
Case
Description
Ё ё &#x401; &#x451; &#x401; &#x451; &#1025; &#1105; '\u0401' '\u0451' IO
Ђ ђ &#x402; &#x452; &#x402; &#x452; &#1026; &#1106; '\u0402' '\u0452' DJ
Ѓ ѓ &#x403; &#x453; &#x403; &#x453; &#1027; &#1107; '\u0403' '\u0453' GZ
Є є &#x404; &#x454; &#x404; &#x454; &#1028; &#1108; '\u0404' '\u0454' JUK
Ѕ ѕ &#x405; &#x455; &#x405; &#x455; &#1029; &#1109; '\u0405' '\u0455' DS
І і &#x406; &#x456; &#x406; &#x456; &#1030; &#1110; '\u0406' '\u0456' Byelorussian I
Ї ї &#x407; &#x457; &#x407; &#x457; &#1031; &#1111; '\u0407' '\u0457' YI
Ј ј &#x408; &#x458; &#x408; &#x458; &#1032; &#1112; '\u0408' '\u0458' JSER
Њ њ &#x40a; &#x45a; &#x40a; &#x45a; &#1034; &#1114; '\u040a' '\u045a' NJ
Ќ ќ &#x40c; &#x45c; &#x40c; &#x45c; &#1036; &#1116; '\u040c' '\u045c' KJ
Ў ў &#x40e; &#x45e; &#x40e; &#x45e; &#1038; &#1118; '\u040e' '\u045e' U breve
Џ џ &#x40f; &#x45f; &#x40f; &#x45f; &#1039; &#1119; '\u040f' '\u045f' DZ
А а &#x410; &#x430; &#x410; &#x430; &#1040; &#1072; '\u0410' '\u0430' A
Б б &#x411; &#x431; &#x411; &#x431; &#1041; &#1073; '\u0411' '\u0431' BE
В в &#x412; &#x432; &#x412; &#x432; &#1042; &#1074; '\u0412' '\u0432' VE
Г г &#x413; &#x433; &#x413; &#x433; &#1043; &#1075; '\u0413' '\u0433' GHE
Д д &#x414; &#x434; &#x414; &#x434; &#1044; &#1076; '\u0414' '\u0434' DE
Е е &#x415; &#x435; &#x415; &#x435; &#1045; &#1077; '\u0415' '\u0435' IE
Ж ж &#x416; &#x436; &#x416; &#x436; &#1046; &#1078; '\u0416' '\u0436' ZHE
З з &#x417; &#x437; &#x417; &#x437; &#1047; &#1079; '\u0417' '\u0437' ZE
И и &#x418; &#x438; &#x418; &#x438; &#1048; &#1080; '\u0418' '\u0438' I
Й й &#x419; &#x439; &#x419; &#x439; &#1049; &#1081; '\u0419' '\u0439' short I
К к &#x41a; &#x43a; &#x41a; &#x43a; &#1050; &#1082; '\u041a' '\u043a' KA
Л л &#x41b; &#x43b; &#x41b; &#x43b; &#1051; &#1083; '\u041b' '\u043b' EL
М м &#x41c; &#x43c; &#x41c; &#x43c; &#1052; &#1084; '\u041c' '\u043c' EM
Н н &#x41d; &#x43d; &#x41d; &#x43d; &#1053; &#1085; '\u041d' '\u043d' EN
О о &#x41e; &#x43e; &#x41e; &#x43e; &#1054; &#1086; '\u041e' '\u043e' O
П п &#x41f; &#x43f; &#x41f; &#x43f; &#1055; &#1087; '\u041f' '\u043f' PE
Р р &#x420; &#x440; &#x420; &#x440; &#1056; &#1088; '\u0420' '\u0440' ER
С с &#x421; &#x441; &#x421; &#x441; &#1057; &#1089; '\u0421' '\u0441' ES
Т т &#x422; &#x442; &#x422; &#x442; &#1058; &#1090; '\u0422' '\u0442' TE
У у &#x423; &#x443; &#x423; &#x443; &#1059; &#1091; '\u0423' '\u0443' U
Ф ф &#x424; &#x444; &#x424; &#x444; &#1060; &#1092; '\u0424' '\u0444' EF
Х х &#x425; &#x445; &#x425; &#x445; &#1061; &#1093; '\u0425' '\u0445' HA
Ц ц &#x426; &#x446; &#x426; &#x446; &#1062; &#1094; '\u0426' '\u0446' TSE
Ч ч &#x427; &#x447; &#x427; &#x447; &#1063; &#1095; '\u0427' '\u0447' CHE
Ш ш &#x428; &#x448; &#x428; &#x448; &#1064; &#1096; '\u0428' '\u0448' SHA
Щ щ &#x429; &#x449; &#x429; &#x449; &#1065; &#1097; '\u0429' '\u0449' SHCHA
Ъ ъ &#x42a; &#x44a; &#x42a; &#x44a; &#1066; &#1098; '\u042a' '\u044a' hard sign
Ы ы &#x42b; &#x44b; &#x42b; &#x44b; &#1067; &#1099; '\u042b' '\u044b' YERU
Ь ь &#x42c; &#x44c; &#x42c; &#x44c; &#1068; &#1100; '\u042c' '\u044c' soft sign
Э э &#x42d; &#x44d; &#x42d; &#x44d; &#1069; &#1101; '\u042d' '\u044d' E
Ю ю &#x42e; &#x44e; &#x42e; &#x44e; &#1070; &#1102; '\u042e' '\u044e' YU
Я я &#x42f; &#x44f; &#x42f; &#x44f; &#1071; &#1103; '\u042f' '\u044f' YA
Accented Cyrillic variants.
Do not use the following HTML5 (Hypertext Markup Language version 5) entities in your web pages. Many browsers do not support them yet.
New Cyrillic (Russian) Alphabetic Entities in HTML 5
Rendered via
HTML 5
Char entity
Char
Entity
Rendered via
Hex entity
Hex
Entity
Decimal
Entity
Java
Literal
Description Notes
А &Acy; А &#x410; &#1040; '\u0410' Cyrillic capital letter A
Б &Bcy; Б &#x411; &#1041; '\u0411' Cyrillic capital letter BE
Ч &CHcy; Ч &#x427; &#1063; '\u0427' Cyrillic capital letter CHE
Ђ &DJcy; Ђ &#x402; &#1026; '\u0402' Cyrillic capital letter DJ
Ѕ &DScy; Ѕ &#x405; &#1029; '\u0405' Cyrillic capital letter DS
Џ &DZcy; Џ &#x40f; &#1039; '\u040f' Cyrillic capital letter DZ
Д &Dcy; Д &#x414; &#1044; '\u0414' Cyrillic capital letter DE
Э &Ecy; Э &#x42d; &#1069; '\u042d' Cyrillic capital letter E
Ф &Fcy; Ф &#x424; &#1060; '\u0424' Cyrillic capital letter EF
Ѓ &GJcy; Ѓ &#x403; &#1027; '\u0403' Cyrillic capital letter GJ
Г &Gcy; Г &#x413; &#1043; '\u0413' Cyrillic capital letter GHE
Ъ &HARDcy; Ъ &#x42a; &#1066; '\u042a' Cyrillic capital hard sign
Е &IEcy; Е &#x415; &#1045; '\u0415' Cyrillic capital letter EE
Ё &IOcy; Ё &#x401; &#1025; '\u0401' Cyrillic capital IO, like capital E umlaut
И &Icy; И &#x418; &#1048; '\u0418' Cyrillic capital letter I
І &Iukcy; І &#x406; &#1030; '\u0406' Cyrillic Byelorussion I
Й &Jcy; Й &#x419; &#1049; '\u0419' Cyrillic capital short I
Ј &Jsercy; Ј &#x408; &#1032; '\u0408' Cyrillic capital letter Jser
Є &Jukcy; Є &#x404; &#1028; '\u0404' Cyrillic capital letter Juk
Х &KHcy; Х &#x425; &#1061; '\u0425' Cyrillic capital letter HA
Ќ &KJcy; Ќ &#x40c; &#1036; '\u040c' Cyrillic capital letter KJ
К &Kcy; К &#x41a; &#1050; '\u041a' Cyrillic capital letter KA
Љ &LJcy; Љ &#x409; &#1033; '\u0409' Cyrillic capital letter LJ
Л &Lcy; Л &#x41b; &#1051; '\u041b' Cyrillic capital letter EL
М &Mcy; М &#x41c; &#1052; '\u041c' Cyrillic capital letter M
Њ &NJcy; Њ &#x40a; &#1034; '\u040a' Cyrillic capital letter NJ
Н &Ncy; Н &#x41d; &#1053; '\u041d' Cyrillic capital letter EN
О &Ocy; О &#x41e; &#1054; '\u041e' Cyrillic capital letter O
П &Pcy; П &#x41f; &#1055; '\u041f' Cyrillic capital letter PE
Р &Rcy; Р &#x420; &#1056; '\u0420' Cyrillic capital letter ER
Щ &SHCHcy; Щ &#x429; &#1065; '\u0429' Cyrillic capital letter SHCHA
Ш &SHcy; Ш &#x428; &#1064; '\u0428' Cyrillic capital letter SHA
Ь &SOFTcy; Ь &#x42c; &#1068; '\u042c' Cyrillic capital soft sign
С &Scy; С &#x421; &#1057; '\u0421' Cyrillic capital letter ES
Ћ &TSHcy; Ћ &#x40b; &#1035; '\u040b' Cyrillic capital letter TSH
Ц &TScy; Ц &#x426; &#1062; '\u0426' Cyrillic capital letter TSE
Т &Tcy; Т &#x422; &#1058; '\u0422' Cyrillic capital letter TE
Ў &Ubrcy; Ў &#x40e; &#1038; '\u040e' Cyrillic U capital letter breve
У &Ucy; У &#x423; &#1059; '\u0423' Cyrillic capital letter U
В &Vcy; В &#x412; &#1042; '\u0412' Cyrillic capital letter VE
Я &YAcy; Я &#x42f; &#1071; '\u042f' Cyrillic capital letter YA
Ї &YIcy; Ї &#x407; &#1031; '\u0407' Cyrillic capital letter YI
Ю &YUcy; Ю &#x42e; &#1070; '\u042e' Cyrillic capital letter YU
Ы &Ycy; Ы &#x42b; &#1067; '\u042b' Cyrillic capital letter YERU
Ж &ZHcy; Ж &#x416; &#1046; '\u0416' Cyrillic capital letter ZHE
З &Zcy; З &#x417; &#1047; '\u0417' Cyrillic capital letter ZE
а &acy; а &#x430; &#1072; '\u0430' Cyrillic small letter a
б &bcy; б &#x431; &#1073; '\u0431' Cyrillic small letter be
ч &chcy; ч &#x447; &#1095; '\u0447' Cyrillic small letter che
д &dcy; д &#x434; &#1076; '\u0434' Cyrillic small letter de
ђ &djcy; ђ &#x452; &#1106; '\u0452' Cyrillic small letter dj
ѕ &dscy; ѕ &#x455; &#1109; '\u0455' Cyrillic small letter ds
џ &dzcy; џ &#x45f; &#1119; '\u045f' Cyrillic small letter dz
э &ecy; э &#x44d; &#1101; '\u044d' Cyrillic small letter e
ф &fcy; ф &#x444; &#1092; '\u0444' Cyrillic small letter ef
г &gcy; г &#x433; &#1075; '\u0433' Cyrillic small letter ghe
ѓ &gjcy; ѓ &#x453; &#1107; '\u0453' Cyrillic small letter gj
ъ &hardcy; ъ &#x44a; &#1098; '\u044a' Cyrillic small hard sign
и &icy; и &#x438; &#1080; '\u0438' Cyrillic small letter i
е &iecy; е &#x435; &#1077; '\u0435' Cyrillic small letter ie
ё &iocy; ё &#x451; &#1105; '\u0451' Cyrillic small letter io, like small e umlaut
і &iukcy; і &#x456; &#1110; '\u0456' Cyrillic small letter Byelorussion i
й &jcy; й &#x439; &#1081; '\u0439' Cyrillic small short i
ј &jsercy; ј &#x458; &#1112; '\u0458' Cyrillic small letter jser
є &jukcy; є &#x454; &#1108; '\u0454' Cyrillic small letter juk
к &kcy; к &#x43a; &#1082; '\u043a' Cyrillic small letter ka
х &khcy; х &#x445; &#1093; '\u0445' Cyrillic small letter ha
ќ &kjcy; ќ &#x45c; &#1116; '\u045c' Cyrillic small letter kj
л &lcy; л &#x43b; &#1083; '\u043b' Cyrillic small letter el
љ &ljcy; љ &#x459; &#1113; '\u0459' Cyrillic small letter lj
м &mcy; м &#x43c; &#1084; '\u043c' Cyrillic small letter em
н &ncy; н &#x43d; &#1085; '\u043d' Cyrillic small letter en
њ &njcy; њ &#x45a; &#1114; '\u045a' Cyrillic small letter nj
о &ocy; о &#x43e; &#1086; '\u043e' Cyrillic small letter o
п &pcy; п &#x43f; &#1087; '\u043f' Cyrillic small letter pe
р &rcy; р &#x440; &#1088; '\u0440' Cyrillic small letter er
с &scy; с &#x441; &#1089; '\u0441' Cyrillic small letter es
щ &shchcy; щ &#x449; &#1097; '\u0449' Cyrillic small letter shcha
ш &shcy; ш &#x448; &#1096; '\u0448' Cyrillic small letter sha
ь &softcy; ь &#x44c; &#1100; '\u044c' Cyrillic small soft sign
т &tcy; т &#x442; &#1090; '\u0442' Cyrillic small letter te
ц &tscy; ц &#x446; &#1094; '\u0446' Cyrillic small letter tse
ћ &tshcy; ћ &#x45b; &#1115; '\u045b' Cyrillic small letter tsh
ў &ubrcy; ў &#x45e; &#1118; '\u045e' Cyrillic small letter u breve
у &ucy; у &#x443; &#1091; '\u0443' Cyrillic small letter u
в &vcy; в &#x432; &#1074; '\u0432' Cyrillic small letter ve
я &yacy; я &#x44f; &#1103; '\u044f' Cyrillic small letter ya
ы &ycy; ы &#x44b; &#1099; '\u044b' Cyrillic small letter yeru
ї &yicy; ї &#x457; &#1111; '\u0457' Cyrillic small letter yi
ю &yucy; ю &#x44e; &#1102; '\u044e' Cyrillic small letter yu
з &zcy; з &#x437; &#1079; '\u0437' Cyrillic small letter ze
ж &zhcy; ж &#x436; &#1078; '\u0436' Cyrillic small letter zhe

Polish Accented Letters

Polish uses the usual alphabet that English does, plus some additional letters
Polish Letters
Char Entity Hex Decimal Java Notes
Upper
Case
Lower
Case
Upper
Case
Lower
Case
Upper
Case
Lower
Case
Upper
Case
Lower
Case
Upper
Case
Lower
Case
Description
Ą ą &#x104; &#x105; &#x104; &#x105; &#260; &#261; '\u0104' '\u0105' A ogonek
Ę ę &#x118; &#x119; &#x118; &#x119; &#280; &#281; '\u0118' '\u0119' E ogonek
Ó Ô &Oacute; &Ocirc; &#xd3; &#xd4; &#211; &#212; '\u00d3' '\u00d4' O acute
Ć ć &#x106; &#x107; &#x106; &#x107; &#262; &#263; '\u0106' '\u0107' C acute
Ł ł &#x141; &#x142; &#x141; &#x142; &#321; &#322; '\u0141' '\u0142' L stroke
Ń ń &#x143; &#x144; &#x143; &#x144; &#323; &#324; '\u0143' '\u0144' N acute
Ś ś &#x15a; &#x15b; &#x15a; &#x15b; &#346; &#347; '\u015a' '\u015b' S acute
Ź ź &#x179; &#x17a; &#x179; &#x17a; &#377; &#378; '\u0179' '\u017a' Z acute
Ż ż &#x17b; &#x17c; &#x17b; &#x17c; &#379; &#380; '\u017b' '\u017c' Z dot above

Numeric Hex Entity Codes

In HTML, you code special character with entities such as &quot;. Not all entities have alphabetic names. For those you must code them as hex entity codes. Read up on Unicode to find out what these characters are for. View a table of hex entity codes

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