language : Java Glossary

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language
a way of describing what you want the computer to do and hints how it can do it. Usually it is even more important that fellow humans understand your intent than the computer. The concept of language is being stretched in various new directions. A language is not necessarily a stream of words like English. It could be a flowchart, checkboxes, or some graphical representation that looks like plumbing. Java is just one of many computer languages. Java is being enriched by ideas from people whose background includes many different languges:
99 Bottles of Beer On the Wall: sampling of source code to print the iterative lyrics to this camp song; a great place to get a taste of many different languages
Abundance
Ada
Algol 60
Algol 68
Alphard
APL
awk
C
C#
C++
Cecil
CLU
COBOL
CoffeeScript
Delphi/Object Pascal
Dylan
Eiffel
Esperanto
Euler
Forth
Fortress
FØRTRAN 90
GNUStep
Go: Google’s C replacement, a stripped down Java
Groovy
Haskell
Jabaco: like VB that generates Java byte code
Java
JavaScript
Kotlin: compiles to JVM or JavaScript
language codes
Language detection: e.g. English or German
Lisp
locale
Logo
Lombok
ML
Modula
NetRexx
NeXT/Objective C
Oberon
Obix
Occam
Pascal
Perl
PHP
PL/I
PostScript
Processing: language for artists
Prolog
Python
RPG
Ruby
Sail
Sather
Scala
Scheme
Scratch: computing language for children
scripting languages
Simula
Smalltalk
SML
SQL
Tcl (tickle)
Tiobe: graphs of language popularity over time
Visual Basic

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